Thursday, June 20, 2019

Fundamental Rights, Duties and Directive Principles - Chapter 3 - Class 7th - Civics

Book Cover Civics Class 7th

Social and Political Life – Jammu and Kashmir

Fundamental Rights, Duties, and Directive Principles | Civics 7th | jandkncert |

Chapter 3: Fundamental Rights, Duties, and Directive Principles

Q1. Answer the following questions:

(i). Mention the fundamental rights that are given in our constitution.

Ans. Fundamental rights given in our constitution are as under:

1. Right to equality.

2. Right to freedom

3. Right against exploitation

4. Right to freedom of religion

5. Cultural and educational rights

6. Right to constitutional remedies

(ii). Mention any four freedoms enjoyed by the citizens of India.

Ans. The citizens of India enjoys the following four freedoms:

1. Express his thoughts freely.

2. Assemble and hold public meetings without arms.

3. Move freely and or go to any part of India.

4. Live and settle in any part of India.

(iii). What are special privileges give to the weaker sections of the society?

Ans. Special privileges are given to the weaker section for their upliftment. The constitution has abolished the practice of untouchability. Titles are also abolished and all citizens are said to be treated equally. A principle called the Directive Principle of state policy has been made that directs the government to secure weaker sections that are economically or socially weak.

(iv). Why are the courts described as the protector of the citizen’s rights?

Ans. Courts are described as the protector of citizen’s rights because if a citizen is not allowed to enjoy the fundamental rights, he/she can go to the court to enforce his/her right.

(v). What do you mean by the Directive Principles of State Policy?

Ans. The Directive Principles of State Policy are the guidelines of government through constitution to improve the conditions of the people politically, economically and socially.

(vi). Distinguish between fundamental rights and directive principles of state policy.

Ans. Fundamental rights provide rights to every citizen of a country for his good life and self-development, while as the directive principles of state policy works for the improvements of weak people.

(vii). Mention any five fundamental duties of a citizen.

Ans. Five Fundamental duties of a citizen are:

i. To abide by the Constitution and respect the National Flag and National Anthem.

ii. To protect the sovereignty, unity, and integrity of India.

iii. To defend the country.

iv. To promote the spirit of brotherhood amongst all people of India.

v. To safeguard public property.

(viii). Explain the following:

a. Right to equality

b. Right to freedom of religion

c. Protection of natural environment


(a). Right to equality: It means every citizen is equal before the law and all are protected by law.

(b). Right to freedom of religion. It means every citizen has the right to worship, practice, and propagate his/her own religion.

(c). Protection of the natural environment. It is one of the fundamental duties to protect the natural environment.

Q2. Tick ( ) the right statement:


i. True    ii. False     iii. False     iv. True      v. True

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